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Correlation between body mass index and intraocular pressure in Eye Clinic Mangusada Hospital, Bali

Deasy Sucicahyati Mendala , Carvin Herryanto

Deasy Sucicahyati Mendala
Ophthalmology Department of Mangusada Hospital, Badung, Bali. Email: deasysuci@gmail.com

Carvin Herryanto
Ophthalmology Department of Mangusada Hospital, Badung, Bali
Online First: June 29, 2020 | Cite this Article
Mendala, D., Herryanto, C. 2020. Correlation between body mass index and intraocular pressure in Eye Clinic Mangusada Hospital, Bali. Bali Journal of Ophthalmology 4(1): 12-14. DOI:10.15562/bjo.v4i1.55


Background : Imbalance in consumption and activities has been major serious health problems nowadays, because tend to become obesity. In some studies, obesity has been associated with the increase of intraocular pressure, which is a risk factor for glaucoma. This study aims to analyze the correlation between body mass index and intraocular pressure in Eye Clinic at Mangusada Regional Hospital.

Method : This study was a cross sectional study done in Eye Clinic at Mangusada Regional Hospital in May 2020. Inclusion criteria were people aged between 20 – 55 years old, with normal blood pressure (systolic <139 mmHg, diastolic <89 mmHg). The exclusion criteria were people who hd history of cardiovascular diseases, diagnosed of having glaucoma before, had contraindication to tonometry use, consumes drug affecting cardiovascular system, and had family history of cardiovascular , kidney, liver, and lungs diseases.  Body weight was measured with body scale, body height was measured with height meter, body mass index was calculated with formula of body weight in kilogram divided by square of body height in meter, blood pressure was measured by Scanner Tensimeter and intraocular pressure was measured with rebound tonometer I-care TA01i. Data was analyzed using Kruskal-Walis and Mann Whitney Test with p < 0.05 as level of significance

Results : The study of 85 subjects found significant difference in intraocular pressure in normoweight, overweight, and obesity subjects. This study also found significant difference in intraocular pressure between normoweight and obesity subjects.

Conclusion : Intraocular pressure simultaneously increase with the increasing of body mass index.

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