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Update in non surgical management of refractive disorder

Ariesanti Tri Handayani , Ni Made Ari Suryathi, I Made Agus Kusumadjaja, Nila Wahyuni, Cok Istri Dewiyani Pemayun, I Gusti Ayu Ratna Suryaningrum

Ariesanti Tri Handayani
Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar. Email: triariesanti@gmail.com

Ni Made Ari Suryathi
Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar

I Made Agus Kusumadjaja


Nila Wahyuni
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar

Cok Istri Dewiyani Pemayun
Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali Mandara Eye Hospital, Denpasar

I Gusti Ayu Ratna Suryaningrum
Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar
Online First: January 25, 2020 | Cite this Article
Handayani, A., Suryathi, N., Kusumadjaja, I., Wahyuni, N., Pemayun, C., Suryaningrum, I. 2020. Update in non surgical management of refractive disorder. Bali Journal of Ophthalmology 3(2): 25-28. DOI:10.15562/bjo.v3i2.41


Refractive error is one of the most common cause of avoidable blindness in the word. The prevalence of refractive error occurs in the worldwide were increasing every years, including in the Asian regions. This condition influenced by many risk factors, which are both modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. There are three types of refractive errors: myopia, hypermetropia, and astigmatism with low vision condition as the impact of the untreated refractive disorder. Two types of refractive disorder therapies was surgical and non-surgical therapy. Non-surgical therapy including spectacles, contact lenses, and optical low vision devices. The proper management of the refractive error can improving patient’s quality of life.

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