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THE SCREENING OF COMPUTER VISION SYNDROME IN MEDICAL STUDENTS OF UDAYANA UNIVERSITY

Indira Vikanaswari Gusti

Indira Vikanaswari Gusti
Udayana University. Email: indiravikanaswari@gmail.com
Online First: September 28, 2018 | Cite this Article
Gusti, I. 2018. THE SCREENING OF COMPUTER VISION SYNDROME IN MEDICAL STUDENTS OF UDAYANA UNIVERSITY. Bali Journal of Ophthalmology 2(2). DOI:10.15562/bjo.v2i2.20


Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) is a group of symptoms caused by a continuous computer usages. This disease could affect everybody who are active on using computers such as the college students. This syndrome has multifactorial risk factors. The purpose of this research is to know the result of CVS symptoms screening on the medical student of Medical Faculty of Udayana University. This research is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional data collection method. This research was conducted in April 2016 at the Faculty of Medicine Udayana University. The samples were consisted of 600 people who had met the inclusion and exclusion criterias. The data were collected using questionnaires. The data were presented in the form of frequency tables and cross tabulation to determine the prevalence ratios and the factors related to the results of this study. The prevalence of CVS was 58.8% (353/600). The most common complaints was tense or tired eyes which was 72.8% (437/600). The factors which was statistically valued with CVS was the use of eyeglasses while using computer (P=0.003), the use of contact lens while using computer (P=0.022), the duration of computer usage in one day less than 4 hours (P=0.041), the distance between eye and the center of monitor between 30-70 cm (P=0.05), and the usage of anti-glare screen (P=0.033). The prevalence of CVS in medical students was 58.8%. The most complaints was tense or tired eyes. The factors which was statistically significant with CVS was history of eyeglasses usage while using computer, history of contact lens usage while using computer, the duration of computer usage in one day less than 4 hours, the distance between eye and the center of monitor between 30-70 cm did not reduce the CVS prevalence. The usage of anti glare screen was important statistically and without it, CVS prevalence was found to be higher.

 

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