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Retinopathy of prematurity screening in Sanglah Central Public Hospital in January 2009 - December 2010

Semara Budiyasa , I Wayan Karya, Ida Bagus Putra Manuaba, Anak Agung Mas-Putrawati, Ariestanti Tri Handayani

Semara Budiyasa
Department of Ophthalmology and Eye Health Care, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia. Email: semara_b@yahoo.com

I Wayan Karya
Department of Ophthalmology and Eye Health Care, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia

Ida Bagus Putra Manuaba
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of Udayana University, Bali-Indonesia

Anak Agung Mas-Putrawati
Department of Ophthalmology and Eye Health Care, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia

Ariestanti Tri Handayani
Department of Ophthalmology and Eye Health Care, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
Online First: October 06, 2017 | Cite this Article
Budiyasa, S., Karya, I., Manuaba, I., Mas-Putrawati, A., Handayani, A. 2017. Retinopathy of prematurity screening in Sanglah Central Public Hospital in January 2009 - December 2010. Bali Journal of Ophthalmology 1(1): 6-7. DOI:10.15562/bjo.v1i1.2


Objective: Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a proliferative retinopathy which affected premature babies and could cause blindness. The aim of this study was to describe characteristics of babies which have been screened for ROP in Sanglah Hospital during period of 1 January 2009 until 31 December 2010.

Method: A descriptive retrospective study has done by data reviewed from medical records of 37 babies who has screened for ROP in Sanglah Hospital from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2010. Date of birth, gestational age, age when screening has conducted, date of examination, birth weight, frequency of examination, diagnosis and the final result were gathered from medical records. This study used SPSS 16.0 program to analyses the frequency and percentages of the data.

Results: There were 37 babies (25.3%) screened for ROP from babies who born prematurely in Sanglah Hospital during period 1 January 2009 until 31 December 2010.  From the numbers, 43.2% of the babies have gestational age less than 34 weeks. Average of birth weight was 1648 gram (range: 800 - 2500 g, SD 358.9 g). About 43.2% of the babies were first screened in age less than 4 weeks but all the babies have examined less than 5 times during the examination periods. ROP was present in 10.8% of the babies and 2.7% with Plus disease. Most of the babies (81.1%) had retinal vascular zone 2.

Conclusion: Incidence of ROP was 10.8% and Plus disease was 2.7%.

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