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Methodology and baseline findings of the sumba eye program

Mark Francis Ellis , Stephanie Korin, Muh Abrar Ismail, Rosie Dawkins, Shirley Ma, Daliah Moss, Peter Lewis B.Optom, Peter Stewart, Mohamed Dirani

Mark Francis Ellis
RACS Global Health, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Email: mark.ellis744@bigpond.com

Stephanie Korin
RACS Global Health, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Muh Abrar Ismail
Department of Ophthalmology, Hasanuddin University (UNHAS), Indonesia

Rosie Dawkins
Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye & Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, Australia

Shirley Ma
Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye & Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, Australia

Daliah Moss
RACS Global Health, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Peter Lewis B.Optom
RACS Global Health, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Peter Stewart
RACS Global Health, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Mohamed Dirani
Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye & Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, Australia Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore
Online First: July 25, 2018 | Cite this Article
Ellis, M., Korin, S., Ismail, M., Dawkins, R., Ma, S., Moss, D., B.Optom, P., Stewart, P., Dirani, M. 2018. Methodology and baseline findings of the sumba eye program. Bali Journal of Ophthalmology 2(1): 21-27. DOI:10.15562/bjo.v2i1.19


Background: The Sumba Eye Program (SEP) is an outreach clinical eye service that delivers specialist eye services to the population in Sumba, Nusa Tenggara Timur, and training support for Indonesian eye health personnel.

Objective: We report the baseline clinical findings from one visit to West Sumba, provide an overview of the methodology of our program and present initial progress towards establishing a sustainable local eye care service. Method: Data was collected for patients presenting for examination during a five-day clinic from 10-14 June 2013. Demographic information, presenting and best corrected distance and near visual acuity and refractive correction were recorded. As part of management, corrective spectacles and therapeutics were prescribed and cataract procedures were performed.

Result and Discussion: 765 patients between the ages of 2 and 97 years were assessed by optometrists. The most prevalent eye condition diagnosed was an uncorrected refractive error, with 692 patients (90%) managed with refractive correction. 96 (12%) were referred for ophthalmology consultation, of which 87 underwent surgery, predominantly for cataract extraction and intra-ocular lens insertion.

Conclusion: The Sumba Eye Program is contributing to the reduction of avoidable vision loss in the West Sumba population, however, ongoing training and recruitment of national health workers is essential to further build the capacity of the local service and assist with sustaining the outreach eye program, with the eventual goal of local provision of care at all levels.

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